Types of Rabbit
The Amani rabbit is considered a living fossil as it is a descendant of ancient primitive rabbits that once populated Asia. It is a large woolly rabbit and can only be found in Japan on two islands.
Cottontail rabbits are found in North America, cottontails get their name from their cotton ball like tails. Cottontail rabbits live in burrows on a windy day they stay in their burrows as their hearing is sensitive and can impede their hearing and increase chances of an encounter with a predator.
The Eastern cottontail rabbit has a clever defence, when a predator or threat is nearby it can stay completely still for 15 minutes.
The Omilteme cottontail rabbit is found only in a small area of Mexico, it is thought to be the rarest cottontail in the world.
The largest cottontail rabbits are swamp rabbits, they are excellent swimmers and have been known to swim across swamps and streams. They can weigh up to 6 pounds (2.7 kilos) and are also fast runners, they can run as fast a 45 miles (72.4 km) per hour, helping them to outrun predators such as alligators.
The European rabbit is one of the most common rabbits, it has been introduced to almost all continents. The European rabbit is the only breed to be domesticated, evidence of domesticated European rabbits has been found in ancient Rome.
European rabbits like company they live in groups of up to ten, and work together to defend their network of burrows from predators.
European rabbits can be aggressive, fights between bucks for territory start with them squirting urine on each other, and then scratching, biting and kicking. These fights can end in serious injury or death.
The European rabbit is an important part of the food chain, being prey for predators including the Iberian Lynx and the Spanish Imperial Eagle.
The pygmy rabbit grows to only a foot (30.5cm) making it the world’s smallest rabbit. Surprisingly pygmy rabbits burrows can be as deep as 3f, with the burrows having 2 to 10 entrances. Some pygmy rabbits never venture further than 60 ft from there burrows.
The riverine rabbit has a distinct black stripe, it is an endangered species with less than 400 remaining.
The world’s smallest rabbit is the volcano rabbit, it makes a pitch sound to signal danger. The volcano rabbit is social and lives in groups and colonies.
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